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Refugio Palms

Refugio palms

Refugio State Beach is one of the true gems of the Gaviota Coast and a longtime local favorite.


Campers, fisherman, hikers and surfers all enjoy the peaceful solitude and refuge found there. The statuesque palm trees that line the cove give a distinctive and majestic look to the area.


Over the past few winters, those iconic palm trees have gotten closer and closer to the tide line, thanks to a severe lack of sand on the beach.


The much talked about El Nino of 2016 brought lots of pounding surf to our coastline but not much rain, further removing what little sand we had left. Add to that some extremely high tides, and the result was some severe damage to our coastline.

refugio palsmms

This has been a recipe for disaster for the Refugio palms. That winter, several of the old palms were washed out to sea, and many more are about to follow suit.

mark sanchez refugio

While most everyone agrees the palms are beautiful and and a landmark of the area, most folks have no idea how, when or why those palms got there. So here’s their story-

Old Refugio

In the early 1900’s, Goleta pioneer Stephen Rutherford bought the Refugio property.  It was a brushy, tree covered swamp until about 1920. Ranchers from the Santa Ynez Valley would drive their cattle over the Refugio Pass and stop at the beach for a rest before sending their beef off to be sold.

Other than that, there were just occasional fisherman and picnickers visiting the area.

Early Refugio

Tired of paying the property tax on land he never used, Stephen Rutherford offered the property to Santa Barbara county for free, but they refused. Their response was, “there is lots of beach, but not many people”.

old beach2

In the early 1920’s, automobiles were more prevalent and that brought more people up into the area. Refugio started to become a destination spot, and that’s when the state health officials got involved. They told the Rutherford family that if they were going to allow people to congregate on the beach, they needed to install restrooms. The Rutherfords said they didn’t invite the people, they just went there because it was free. They tried to dissuade the visitors by putting up a fence and a “No Trespassing” sign, but those were quickly torn down by the public.

Refugio camp

The Rutherford’s neighbors convinced them they should build some facilities and charge admittance. Once they did, they realized they had something good going. Stephen Rutherford’s grandson, Nelson Rutherford took an interest in the new family business and he expanded the operations.

refugio campground

He brought in some rental boats, built a store, cabins and a small house, that are still being used today. It was around this time, estimated to be 1928, that Nelson Rutherford planted the palms at Refugio.

Refugio hot tub

With the oil boom at Ellwood, geologists were drilling all up and down the coast. At Refugio, instead of oil, they found hot sulphur water. The Rutherfords built a concrete pool by the beach and the mineral bath was a big attraction. Every year the winter tides destroyed the pool, and for three straight years they rebuilt it.

refugio auto camp 1920'sa

Throughout the 1930’s, more landscaping was done and more structures were built, and more people came to the beach. Nelson kept the beach open from Memorial Day to Labor Day, and he charged 50 cents per car for day use and $1 per car to camp overnight. For another buck, you could get a barbecue dinner that included meat, beans and homemade ice cream. During the depression, a hobo would occasionally walk or ride into the park on a donkey and offer to trade a few hours of work for a hot lunch.

1930s auto camp2

Nelson Rutherford ran the camp for years and dealt with things like wind, sunburns, health officials, and tar on the beach that guests would step in. Some campers had never seen the ocean before and wanted to set their tents up on the wet sand of a low tide. During prohibition, the Rutherfords heard about illegal rum-running on the beach, but they never caught anybody in the act. They would hear the dog barking like crazy, but by the time they got down there all they would see was tire tracks in the sand. Not much different than today’s pangas…

Refugio early days

In 1942, a Japanese submarine shelled the Ellwood oil fields, and the coast of California was suddenly the western front of World War II. Shortly thereafter, the Army set up a radar unit at Refugio, and that shut down the thriving beach resort until 1946.


When the military unit pulled out, much of the resort had been damaged, and the Rutherfords weren’t sure if they wanted to continue running the campground. In the end, they decided to sell the property to the state for $105,000.

Refugio 1950 entrance

Refugio Beach Park continued to flourish as a popular get away spot, close to town, but far away from the world.

chris dale

And when surfing became more popular, so did Refugio. How’s that for a parking space, eh?

Refugio state beach 33

The campground continued to grow to accommodate the growing crowds.


And through the years, as the crowds grew, so did Nelson’s palms.

Refugio beech

Today, the campground is world famous, and campsites need to be reserved months in advance.

good bad ugly

Nelson Rutherford’s palms make the cove at Refugio even more beautiful, and they give it a characteristic unique to the Gaviota Coast.

Tom Dewalt refugiowinter

Many successful artists have been inspired by the palms in the cove, such as Tom DeWalt.

chris potter

 Chris Potter.


And Jeffrey Campbell.

refugio palms 2

So here we are today, nearly 100 years after these palms were planted, and they are now hanging in the balance.

refugio palms22

It’s no longer a question of “if” they will all be washed away, it’s now a question of “when”.

refugio palms 55

These photos are from January 2016, when several of the palms were taken by the tide.


As onlookers watched, they drifted out to sea.


A noble burial at sea for an historic landmark, nearly a century old.

refugio palms99

These palms are not hard to transplant, and Mother Nature has done most the work already, exposing the majority of the root ball. But in these days of budget cuts and deep deficits, the chance of these palms getting saved is slim to none.

Fast forward to winter 2024. Several weeks of powerful swells and high tides have put the removal of Rutherford’s palms on fast forward.

The palms are dropping like flies.

At the time of this writing, the park is closed for public safety reasons. Evidently a palm almost took out some visitors….

If you’ve just been here a couple times, or you just moved to the area, this is just Mother Nature doing what she does. Coastal erosion has been here as long as tar on the beach.

But if you’re a lifelong local that grew up with these trees, this is really sad.

Countless summer days were spent in the shadows of these palms.

Now there’s a huge hole in the line up.

If you are a local history enthusiast, this is like watching the Ellwood Gas Station collapse, or the Original Two Hangars being torn down. A huge loss.

It is the end of a long and beautifully scenic part of Goleta history.

refugio palms 2016

In February 2024, I spoke directly to a State official involved in planning for the State Parks and she said that they are very concerned about the loss of the iconic palms. And while the funds are an issue, the reality is, these amazing trees have already outlived their normal life expectancy. So even if they did move them, they probably wouldn’t last much longer.

She provided me with this official statement-

“Parks recognizes the importance of the Refugio Palm trees to both erosion control as well as the historic fabric of the park. Where armament and relocation of the trees is tempting, these specific specimens are at the end of their useful life being that a typical specimen is projected to last circa 50 years. Parks is in the early stages of evaluating the Refugio site and how to best adapt to impending impacts from sea level rise yet keep the historic landscape that is treasured. This year you should see an opportunity to contribute by public input to a planning effort for both the Gaviota and Refugio park lands; this is an integral first step to provide specific concerns and assist parks in planning for the future.”

So, the main reason for the state not to save the palms is that they have already outlived their “useful lives”. But several botanist friends and a quick Google search revealed that these Canary Island Date Palms live 200 to 300 years! They have a lot of years left in them. I went back to the state official I spoke with and she said she will have to get a new statement from the higher ups and get back to me…My official guess is the blame will go back to funding.

But they did it before, back in the 1990s. Why can’t they do it again?

If you think these palms should be transplanted in the park, send a letter telling them to Save The Refugio Palms

Assemblyman Gregg Hart

Joan Hartmann

Monique Limon

[email protected]  

State Parks Feedback

And here’s a link to a company that MOVES PALMS! Share this with our friends at the State Parks- The Landscape Center

Whatever “official” reason they come up with, the next problem will be the parking lot.

Without the palm’s root balls holding the lot on place, Mother Nature’s gonna be coming in hard and fast .

And having no parking lot will impact the state financially, so you can bet they will find the funding to fix that.

refugio palms 44

So when the park re-opens, you might want to go up and take a long look at the remaining Refugio Palms. Soak up the beauty. Take pictures. Enjoy them.

And try to imagine all the changes they’ve been a witness to. If these palms could talk….

Refugio park

When young Nelson Rutherford planted these trees in the late 1920’s he probably never dreamed they would still be standing 100 years later.

Thanks Nelson.

Here’s a link to a video of some of the palms falling.

Here’s a link to the Refugio State Beach official page.

Also links to artists Tom DeWalt, Chris Potter, Jeffrey Campbell.

Sources: Santa Barbara News Press, John Wilkens, Wikipedia, Walker Tompkins, UCSB,, Tommy Keeler, Mark Sanchez, Santa Barbara Independent, Chris Dale, Edhat, Richard Michael Fisher, Tom DeWalt, Chris Potter, Santa Barbara Historical Museum, and very special thanks to Michael Redmon.

Categories: Goleta History

Tagged as:

Tom Modugno

24 replies

  1. another wonderful article! the research and accompanying photographs and paintings were just right. this story is a delight… thank you. and can we save the palms?

    1. Yes I think they should save the palms and fix Gaviota pier. It is a shame that it has been so long and the state has done nothing!!!

  2. would it be possible to set up a “go fund me” accound so we could save these beautiful palms? I see people who have an account for just about anything thats important! Sad to see them gone, it almost looks like the Hawaii coast.

  3. The article on Refugio Beach was so interesting to read and see the photos. It was my favorite beach when I was in high school in Lompoc (Class of 1961). It is sad to see the palm trees wash away.

  4. Tom, thanks for yet another great taste of Goleta history. The silhouette of these palms with the Pacific in the background has been a favorite for decades. I hope the State gets their act together before they are lost forever.

  5. Thanks Tom! It seems there are a lot of sentimental ties to those palm trees. So now the questions arise “Should nature be allowed to take it’s course?” “Should we SAVE THE PALMS? And your point about this being a state park is well taken as it might make local action much more complicated.

    1. It’s a tough one Janet…
      There is a lot of love for these trees, but where could they be transplanted? There’s not much space left there. And putting a defense barrier on a beach always brings a lot of controversy…
      Plus, we’re dealing with the State…Not sure what can be done, if anything, sadly.

  6. Development upstream ,altering of creek pathway has probably hindered flow of sand to sea,at least opening of sand and rock berm at creek mouth would help…

  7. Tom, It is great to keep up with the Goleta Surfing website and history that you provide us with from afar. I visited the Santa Barbara Shores beach last year with my brother Mike and was astonished to see what has happened to a once great beach facility of my childhood days surfing and camping on the beach. Much has changed, keep up the great work you help bring back fond memories!

    1. Thanks Tim, Goleta has certainly changed since we were neighbors on Santa Barbara Shores Drive, and so have we! But seriously, that’s the reason I felt the need to start the history page. Our little town is in danger of losing it’s identity, and with all the newcomers, I think the rich history of Goleta needs to be remembered. Thanks for the note and glad you enjoy the sites.

  8. Those palm trees are a defining memory of my childhood. I’m sad to watch them fall into the sea, one by one – it would be great if State Parks would just plant a new row of them on the other side of the parking lot for future generations. Can’t believe how barren it was there pre-campground!

    1. I agree Will. They are a treasure, unfortunately the “Powers That Be” don’t see them that way. One ranger referred to them as rat’s nests. When they first began to drop, I offered several suggestions, but none were even considered. Lack of funding is the primary reason for everything they can’t do anymore.

  9. Hi Tom
    As a young child we lived in the house in the canyon across the highway from Refugio beach. My father worked for the Rutherford family and would sign out two prisoners from the El Capitan camp to do work. He made friends with two of them, a F Bierman who had been an officer Rommel’ Corps painted a picture for my dad. If more than two prisoners were needed it
    required armed guards.
    My older brother would take us to the enjoy the beach, I think of the time when ever I pass by there. Thank you for the presentation you shared on the history.

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  11. So cool. Nelson Rutherford was one of my dad’s uncles. Thanks for sorting through history vs myths in these awesome site posts!

    1. Hi Mark. It’s neat to see our family remembered in Goleta history. Always loved those palms that uncle Nelson planted, sad to see them begin to fall away.

  12. Thank’s tom for this fast update & story. It really makes me sick seeing the Refugio waterfront going to such dis repair, Cant the Palm be replanted or ? It’s funny some people have these giant palms dug up- and replanted all over the area mostly in the multimillion dollar homes in Santa Barera area & other exclusive property’s, I think more can be done than just letting these genital giants just get washed out to sea. Long time local Casey Hart

  13. Great work Tom, as I might have told you in the past Refugio is very special to me, my grandmother Annie Alegria (Arbeliatz, married name) was born in the canyon in 1892, my grandfather Joe Arbeliatz worked in the slaughter house where the airport is now, Frankie Alegria Jr. still runs the avocado ranch in the canyon to this day, I feel very privileged to have family roots as part of that history..

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